Past, Present and Future Perspectives on Groundnut Breeding in Burkina Faso

  • Journal: Agronomy
  • Authors: Moumouni Konate, *, Jacob Sanou , Amos Miningou , David Kalule Okello, Haile Desmae, Paspuleti Janila and Rita H. Mumm
  • Publication Type: Article
  • Date:
  • Keywords: peanut; plant breeding; research; funding; genomics; INERA; cultivar; selection; Arachis hypogaea
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Abstract:

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is a major food and cash crop in Burkina Faso. Due to the growing demand for raw oilseeds, there is an increasing interest in groundnut production from traditional rain-fed areas to irrigated environments. However, despite implementation of many initiatives in the past to increase groundnut productivity and production, the groundnut industry still struggles to prosper due to the fact of several constraints including minimal development research and fluctuating markets. Yield penalty due to the presence of drought and biotic stresses continue to be a major drawback for groundnut production. This review traces progress in the groundnut breeding that started in Burkina Faso before the country’s political independence in 1960 through to present times. Up to the 1980s, groundnut improvement was led by international research institutions such as IRHO (Institute of Oils and Oleaginous Research) and ICRISAT (International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics). However, international breeding initiatives were not sufficient to establish a robust domestic groundnut breeding programme. This review also provides essential information about opportunities and challenges for groundnut research in Burkina Faso, emphasising the need for institutional attention to genetic improvement of the crop

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